Mulching is a very simple and at the same time very effective agricultural practice. It allows you to solve the problem of rapid evaporation of moisture, overheating of the soil in the near-trunk space and the germination of weeds.
There are many types of mulch. It is made from the bark of coniferous trees and even the shells of pine nuts. Pine bark mulch can be bought and used to decorate garden beds, flower beds, and shrubs in the backyard.
In large agricultural enterprises, various agricultural fabrics are used for this. Gardeners and gardeners widely use organic types of mulch:
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Hay, cut grass
The most affordable and very widespread type of mulch. The availability and simplicity of this type of mulch does not detract from its positive qualities. It is used both in raw, freshly cut form, and in the form of dried hay.
It is important to cull diseased plants when harvesting this mulching material so as not to bring pathogens along with the mulch. You can also use chopped vegetation residues after using a trimmer or lawn mower for this purpose.
In the middle lane and more northern regions, where timber processing is developed, sawdust is a good tool for mulching. The best will be mulch from sawdust of deciduous trees. Sawdust from them can be used both raw and dried.
Sawdust of coniferous trees is desirable to use after drying. They contain resinous substances that can inhibit some types of cultivated plants. It is advisable to use medium and large fractions of sawdust for mulching. Small ones are quickly washed off and easily blown out by the wind.
This type of mulch is very widely used in landscape design. Various textures of wood chips and coloring are used as a color background in the design of various garden compositions.
Such mulch can be used for several years without losing its qualities. The disadvantage of this type of mulch is its cost and the need for special knowledge and experience.
These are dry needles of coniferous trees, which are abundant in places where coniferous forests grow. Affordable and easy-to-use material for mulching, without any negative properties.
Due to its lower density than sawdust and wood chips, it does not prevent the flow of oxygen into the mulched soil, which favorably affects the vital activity of soil microflora.
This type of mulch is still quite exotic. It is supplied from abroad and is used for mulching in loose form and in the form of mats of various sizes. It is obtained from the fibers of the pericarp of coconuts.
It is better to use fiber soaked in fresh water. There is a lot of sodium in what is soaked in the sea, which can adversely affect plants, being washed out with irrigation water. The main disadvantage is cost and availability.
As it turns out, the choice of organic mulch is extensive. How to use it is up to everyone to decide based on specific conditions.
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Post published: 07.02
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