100 photos of the main structures and strengthening measures
Plots with a slope can be considered not the most successful for the construction of suburban seasonal housing. It will take a lot of time and effort to arrange it, but the result is always worth the resources spent. It is on a site with a slope that you can give free rein to your imagination and fully express yourself as a landscape designer.
Brief content of the article:
Preparatory work on a site with a slope
It is important to correctly carry out all the stages of preparatory work on a suburban area. To create a comfortable and beautiful suburban area, you will need to strengthen the slopes, create terraces, and think over the irrigation and drainage system.
When developing a landscape design for a site on a slope, it is necessary to take into account the nature of the soil, the angle of inclination and its location. The most favorable is the southern slope. This location allows you to freely grow vegetables and fruits, arrange gazebos and places of rest.
The northern slopes are much worse in terms of creating a beautiful area surrounded by greenery and flowers. Throughout the day, the site remains in the shade, which significantly reduces its attractiveness. In addition, due to the lack of sun, the ground becomes cold and wet, which can negatively affect already equipped terraces.
The most convenient and frequently used way to hide strong differences in the height of the site is the creation of terraces and zones. Before you start creating levels on a site on a slope, you need to work on the layout and creation of zones. It is important to prioritize and correctly calculate the space needed for work, recreation, green spaces.
Each terrace must be connected to the next one. It can be both stairs and paths. When organizing ascents, they should be made as gentle as possible so that the ascent is not tiring and difficult.
It is desirable that the height of the steps does not exceed 10 cm. It is better to make the steps deeper. The material of the stairs completely depends on taste preferences: wood, stone, tile.
After drawing up a plan for the location of the terraces, determining their number and marking on the ground, they begin to strengthen the slopes.
An important step in the design of the site on the slope will be the strengthening of the soil and the creation of the supporting walls of the terraces. This will preserve the created landscape for a long time, prevent its destruction by groundwater and storm water, and extend the life of buildings.
Before you strengthen the slopes on the site, it is necessary to sink several important points at once:
- height of groundwater occurrence;
- plot slope;
- soil type;
- distance to the nearest body of water;
- ground pressure.
A site with a slight slope can be easily strengthened by planting vegetation with a developed root system. In this way, dry soil can be strengthened, but it will require a developed irrigation system.
Large slopes may require retaining walls. Such structures allow to weaken the pressure of the soil on the slope and prevent the washing out and erosion of the soil. Such support structures can be constructed from stone, brick, slabs, and water-repellent treated wood.
When choosing the material of the supporting wall, one should take into account its strength and durability, the required height of the walls being constructed and the features of the chosen design.
Walls made of stone are among the most durable and strong. The technology of laying stone for such walls originated a very long time ago. Such walls last a long time and look very beautiful, but the creation process takes a very long time and requires some creative thinking. The stones are stacked on top of each other without a fixing solution. They should be selected in accordance with each other.
You can use a stone with the use of a solution or pre-pouring a concrete base. This method is much easier than the previous one and is more durable.
For the manufacture of large terraces or large drops, bricks or building blocks are used. However, before erecting such walls, it is necessary to lay a solid strip foundation.
The supporting walls made of wood impregnated with moisture-repellent mixtures can be made from logs up to 15 cm in diameter, as well as dense boards. Such walls are not so strong and should not exceed 30-40 cm. To create a wooden support, additional poles or a concrete base will be required, as well as a waterproof film from the ground.
In addition, geotextiles or geomats can be used to strengthen the soil on the site. Such materials have a sufficiently high resistance to moisture, protect the soil from ultraviolet rays and frost, are easy to install and very environmentally friendly, and can be used on a site with any slope.
Irrigation and drainage systems
When backfilling the terrace, it is necessary to immediately provide for the presence of drainage and drainage. If necessary, you can install several drains and trays to drain the accumulated storm water.
The first floor in the terrace always performs the function of drainage. It is made from sand and gravel. After a layer of earth is laid, and fertile soil is on top. After a few days, a layer of fertile soil is filled up, as natural shrinkage of the soil occurs. Only after that, you can confidently begin to improve the site.
Design solutions on a plot with a slope
Beauty and functionality are what every owner of a suburban area needs. Pre-planned zones and having an idea of something specific greatly simplify the task of arranging a comfortable environment.
It is necessary to immediately determine the purpose of the summer cottage — relaxing with family and friends, creating a garden and growing vegetables and fruits, or all at once. After that, you can choose the style you like by looking at several photo options for arranging the plot on the slope.
Almost any design decision can be made on relief areas. It can be a small Japanese-style garden, a French park, a rustic garden, an art nouveau or country garden. Use the drops of terraces to create waterfalls and ponds, do not forget to strengthen them with concrete blocks, plant climbing plants, wrapping them around arbors and walls of buildings.
There are no restrictions, except for fantasy and desire. Hiring a landscape designer is not at all necessary, the main thing is to put your soul and all your creativity, and the result will not disappoint.
Photo of the site on the slope
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Post published: 10.10
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